Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)


What is BPH?

Benign prostatic hyperplasia, BPH for short, is the medical term for a benign, enlarged prostate. BPH usually occurs in men of middle to old age.

An enlarged prostate gland presses on the urethra and makes it more difficult for urine to flow through the bladder. The disease is easily treated thanks to modern methods, but if left untreated, the prostate can grow until it closes the bladder outlet completely.


  • Weak urine flow
  • Frequent urination, especially at night (nocturia)
  • Difficulties starting and stopping the urine stream (urinary hesitancy)
  • Inability to empty the bladder completely
  • Abdominal pressure or straining needed to urinate
  • Very sudden urge to urinate
  • Pain and burning on urinating